Pakistan Floods: Lessons learned from other flooding disasters

03/08/2010 at 9:17 pm 2 comments

As people in Pakistan struggle to recover from the catastrophic flooding in many parts of that country, and Irish aid agencies are assisting the most vulnerable people, Dóchas encourages members of the public to learn more about the principles of effective humanitarian aid: by logging onto www.HowYouCanHelp.ie.

As is the case with most disasters, the impact of these floods is not determined by the extent of the floodwater alone: the most vulnerable people, those who are poor and marginalised, suffer the most. International relief should therefore target these people most clearly. Over the years, Irish aid agencies have learned valuable lessons in responding to emergencies arising from floods. Some of these lessons include:

–          Reaching those most in need: In flood situations, it is often difficult to ensure that vulnerable people can access assistance. Aid agencies must dedicate resources aimed at overcoming these obstacles, and not simply concentrate on those people that are easiest to reach.

–          Helping people to cope: Vulnerable people develop their own means and strategies to cope with flooding. Programmes that directly support communities and their local organisations in their own efforts work best, both in the short and the long term.

–          Needs assessment: Conditions on the ground, not donor priorities, should determine aid programmes. All aid must help people most in need, and it must be the right kind, based on accurate information received from the disaster area. Aid must be provided in consultation with the local authorities and communities.

–          Tailoring aid: Affected communities are not a homogeneous group – people have different livelihoods, options and priorities. Aid must be based on an explicit identication of such needs and capabilities.

–          Going beyond the obvious: Needs assessments and relief programmes should go beyond current needs, and assess structural causes of vulnerability. While in the first instance relief is about saving lives, aid should be delivered and designed to contribute to a long-term improvement of people’s lives, and the prevention of future catastrophes.

–          Flood Risk Reduction: Flood management must cover entire catchment areas, and should include genuine participation of the area’s population. Flood protection should go beyond “technical fixes” and include socio-economic considerations.

–          Early warning: Poor people need early warning most, but many of them do not understand weather forecasting or the language of early warning. Special attention must be paid to ensure early warning mechanisms are appropriate for those groups most at risk.

Recommended further reading:

Entry filed under: Development Effectiveness, NGOs, Overseas aid. Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

Live Aid, Dead Aid and Smart Aid How you can help people back from the brink

2 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Water Games  |  19/10/2011 at 9:17 pm

    I believe it include all supplementary info so it exceptionally nice initiative by site owner thus thanks to owner intended for this thinking.

    Reply
  • […] Lessons learned from the Pakistan flood […]

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed


Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 211 other followers

Archives

Dóchas on Twitter

The World's Best News - images

"On the whole, #Africa is less war-torn than at any time in the past, which runs contrary to widespread perceptions that exist even among foreign policy experts." In the nineties, much of the continent was ravaged by #war, but today things have changed. Armed #conflict is now a smaller risk to most Africans than traffic accidents.

Find out more here: https://europa.eu/eyd2015/en/denmark/stories/africa-more-peaceful-ever Tehran Group Launches Anti-ISIS Cartoon and Caricature Exhibition

See
http://muftah.org/tehran-group-launches-anti-isis-cartoon-and-caricature-exhibition/#.VWhpBdK8CSp #AfricaDay is an opportunity to change the way many people in #Ireland think about Africa. 
Research commissioned by Dóchas has shown that our attitudes to the African continent have changed little since the 1980s.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/today-africa-day-time-update-our-views-continent-hans-zomer “Making corporal punishment history”

#Irish NGO Nurture Africa has teamed up with the Irish National Teachers’ Organisation (INTO) in a project aimed at eradicating corporal punishment in schools in #Uganda.

Read more:http://www.nurtureafrica.ie/#!Working-together-to-eradicate-Corporal-Punishment-one-school-at-a-time/canh/553f7fc10cf23d01645aa90a

Photo: Umar Sekibala - Nurture Afrtica Child Protection Officer disseminating child rights and examples of alternative measures of dicipline (towards elimination of
corporal punishments) to Kyebando UMEA Primary School teachers and guardians How one community is working to overcome the challenges of climate change. "It's dry now, so we are working to be ready for when the rains come. Things have changed a lot in the past years, now that we have the gardens and dykes." http://www.trust.org/item/20150514040044-7uh4r/?source=fiOtherNews2

Photo: Women work on a vegetable garden built with U.N. funds in Djimebougou, Mali. Thomson Reuters Foundation/Chris Arsenault The changing face of #Lagos.

#Nigeria's commercial capital, Lagos, has had a makeover over the last decade, as this gallery from the BBC's Ayo Bello shows: 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-32556640 The changing face of #Lagos.

#Nigeria's commercial capital, Lagos, has had a makeover over the last decade, as this gallery from the BBC's Ayo Bello shows: 
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-32556640 The most positive of all statistics:
The number of children dying before their fifth birthday has been reduced by half in twenty years. More #forests in the world’s most populous countries: Forest cover in #India and #China has increased by more than 572,000 km2 since 1990.

http://worldsbestnews.dk/news/more-forest-in-the-worlds-largest-nations/ Girl skaters in #Afghanistan: "Skateistan"! http://www.goodnewsnetwork.org/aghani-girls-skateboard-instead-of-bike/

#skateboard “Ever since I was a child, when I saw a bird in the sky, I wanted to fly a plane. Many girls in #Afghanistan have dreams... but a number of problems, threats stand in the way.“ 23-year-old Niloofar Rahmani is the first female fixed-wing aviator in Afghanistan's history and the country's first woman #pilot since the ouster of the #Taliban regime.

Read more at http://www.dawn.com/news/1178900/female-afghan-top-gun-soars-above-gender-barrier

Visitors Map

Map

Dóchas Photos

1506_77

1506_76

More Photos

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 211 other followers

%d bloggers like this: