Pakistan Floods: Lessons learned from other flooding disasters

03/08/2010 at 9:17 pm 2 comments

As people in Pakistan struggle to recover from the catastrophic flooding in many parts of that country, and Irish aid agencies are assisting the most vulnerable people, Dóchas encourages members of the public to learn more about the principles of effective humanitarian aid: by logging onto www.HowYouCanHelp.ie.

As is the case with most disasters, the impact of these floods is not determined by the extent of the floodwater alone: the most vulnerable people, those who are poor and marginalised, suffer the most. International relief should therefore target these people most clearly. Over the years, Irish aid agencies have learned valuable lessons in responding to emergencies arising from floods. Some of these lessons include:

–          Reaching those most in need: In flood situations, it is often difficult to ensure that vulnerable people can access assistance. Aid agencies must dedicate resources aimed at overcoming these obstacles, and not simply concentrate on those people that are easiest to reach.

–          Helping people to cope: Vulnerable people develop their own means and strategies to cope with flooding. Programmes that directly support communities and their local organisations in their own efforts work best, both in the short and the long term.

–          Needs assessment: Conditions on the ground, not donor priorities, should determine aid programmes. All aid must help people most in need, and it must be the right kind, based on accurate information received from the disaster area. Aid must be provided in consultation with the local authorities and communities.

–          Tailoring aid: Affected communities are not a homogeneous group – people have different livelihoods, options and priorities. Aid must be based on an explicit identication of such needs and capabilities.

–          Going beyond the obvious: Needs assessments and relief programmes should go beyond current needs, and assess structural causes of vulnerability. While in the first instance relief is about saving lives, aid should be delivered and designed to contribute to a long-term improvement of people’s lives, and the prevention of future catastrophes.

–          Flood Risk Reduction: Flood management must cover entire catchment areas, and should include genuine participation of the area’s population. Flood protection should go beyond “technical fixes” and include socio-economic considerations.

–          Early warning: Poor people need early warning most, but many of them do not understand weather forecasting or the language of early warning. Special attention must be paid to ensure early warning mechanisms are appropriate for those groups most at risk.

Recommended further reading:

Entry filed under: Development Effectiveness, NGOs, Overseas aid. Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .

Live Aid, Dead Aid and Smart Aid How you can help people back from the brink

2 Comments Add your own

  • 1. Water Games  |  19/10/2011 at 9:17 pm

    I believe it include all supplementary info so it exceptionally nice initiative by site owner thus thanks to owner intended for this thinking.

    Reply
  • […] Lessons learned from the Pakistan flood […]

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Trackback this post  |  Subscribe to the comments via RSS Feed


Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 209 other followers

Archives

Dóchas on Twitter

The World's Best News - images

Marooned indefinitely in a desolate wasteland in #Jordan,  it would be easy for these #refugees to give up hope. 
But despite the horrors they have seen and the hardships they now face, the people profiled in this article show resilience and creativity, using their ingenuity to make life better for themselves and those around them. 
Read three inspiring profiles: 
http://tracks.unhcr.org/2015/03/the-inventors-of-azraq/

Photo: Since fleeing #Syria, Jihad, 52, has built a windmill-powered lamp, a mousetrap, a running water tap and other useful items for his home and community in Azraq camp. UNHCR/Jessica Chen Can 'supergeeks' save #Kenya's babies? 
Read about this programme by #Irish NGO Concern which links #healthcare workers and technology students to find innovative high-quality low-cost solutions for #maternity wards in Kenya. 
http://www.bbc.com/news/health-32255445 Meet the global feminists changing the world for girls, from Kenya to Egypt.

Around the world, people are not content to sit and complain;
They get up, and take action!

Here are some inspirational young women who are doing just that:

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/apr/13/meet-the-global-feminists-changing-the-world-for-girls-from-kenya-to-egypt

#feminism #women #citizenaction #globaldev #positive #positivenews In #Mozambique, African giant pouched rats are helping to clear #landmines left around, after 23 years of civil war.

http://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/africa/why-mozambique-s-rats-are-man-s-best-friend-1.2170059 
Photo: Apopo deminer Victor Boquico gives a banana treat to 'Mocadas 53', who has just found TNT in the soil at the landmine clearance site Dombe in Manica province, Mozambique. 
Photo: Mary Boland #NigeriaDecides.

Despite the threats from the extremist group Boko Haram, this weekend 60 million people voted to shape the future of Nigeria.

At The World's Best News, we like elections. Have a read of these 3 stories:

Africa and democracy:
http://worldsbestnews.tumblr.com/post/102036767325/nothing-ever-changes-have-a-look-at-these

India: http://worldsbestnews.tumblr.com/post/85901866700/the-biggest-elections-on-earth-this-years

Mobile app mobilises voters in Nigeria: 
http://worldsbestnews.tumblr.com/post/90836673125/using-technology-to-bolster-democracy

Photo: AFP Do you remember the movie Slumdog Millionaire?

It made #Mumbai's Dharavi district, one of the world's largest #slums, famous the world over.

The group Slum Gods are proud of their area, but it needs a new image - and they will #dance and #rap to make sure it gets one. 
Read more: http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/nov/28/slumgods-mumbai-hip-hop-dharavi

Photo: Akash and Sagar of the SlumGods. Photograph: Benita Fernando The small Central American country of #CostaRica is meeting its energy needs without burning fossil fuels.

Thanks to some heavy rainfall this year, Costa Rica’s #hydropower plants alone are generating nearly enough electricity to power the entire country. With a boost from geothermal, solar, and #windenergy sources, the country doesn’t need an ounce of coal or petroleum to keep the lights on.

Read more: http://qz.com/367985/costa-rica-is-now-running-completely-on-renewable-energy/ How Ethiopia managed to supply water to 48 million people:

In 1990, only 6.9 million Ethiopians drank water from a tap or hand pump, rather than from an open stream. However, in the last 25 years #Ethiopia has managed to supply #water to 55 million people (10x the entire population of #Ireland!) The key to this success has been a combination of strong government leadership and persistent donor investment.

Read more: http://blogs.unicef.org/2015/03/23/how-ethiopia-managed-to-supply-water-to-48-million-people/

Photo: The Ebo clean water project benefits 27, 000 people in seven villages including 15,000 school children, with clean water in their school and households. Young girls now can attend school regularly without spending more time looking for water. ©UNICEF Ethiopia/2015/Bizuwerk Poor countries carry the biggest burden.

New data from the #UNHCR shows which countries shoulder the biggest economic burden of #refugees and displaced people, when compared to their national income.

Read more at http://www.unhcr.org/54ac24226.html Musicians urge ‘big picture’ thinking. 
A conflict is brewing among the 11 nations of the Nile basin as the downstream countries (Egypt and Sudan, which are almost completely reliant on the river for water and power) accuse upstream countries of taking more than their fair share.

The Cairo-based Nile Project brings together artists from the countries that touch the river — #Egypt, #Sudan, South Sudan, #Ethiopia, #Eritrea, #Uganda, #Kenya, #Rwanda, #Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo - to demonstrate the need for cross-border cooperation and to encourage people in Nile nations to think of themselves as more of a unified entity.

Read more: http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2015/3/19/Nile-Project-water.html?utm_content=bylines&utm_campaign=ajam&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=SocialFlow With an 'on again, off again' school life that was at risk of being stopped by lack of school fees, Esther Madudu almost missed her dream to be a midwife. 
Thankfully, eleven years and more than two thousand babies later, Esther is a candidate for the Nobel Peace Prize 2015.

Read more at https://europa.eu/eyd2015/en/austria/posts/esther-madudus-interview

#Uganda
#Kampala
#midwife
#NobelPeacePrize Thailand tests floating homes in region grappling with floods. "We can try to build walls to keep the water out, but that might not be a sustainable permanent solution. It’s better not to fight nature, but to work with nature, and amphibious architecture is one answer." Read more: http://www.trust.org/item/20150305000156-r6las/?source=fiInDepth

#Thailand  #floods  #prevention  #preparedness  #architecture

Visitors Map

Map

Dóchas Photos

1506_77

1506_76

More Photos

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 209 other followers

%d bloggers like this: